Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMD's) are disorders of the muscles and functions of the face and mouth. OMDs may affect, directly and/or indirectly, facial skeletal growth and development, airway functioning, posture, chewing, swallowing, speech, dental occlusion, temporomandibular joint movement, oral hygiene, stability of orthodontic treatment, facial esthetics, and more.
Orofacial Myofunctional Treatment is an individualized therapeutic program designed to establish the proper functioning of the tongue and facial muscles used at rest and for swallowing. Correct resting position of the tongue and correct swallowing depend upon the muscles of the tongue, cheeks, lips and throat to work together in a harmonious pattern.
A commitment to consistent, daily exercise is required to obtain success in treatment. The exercises must be carried out until permanent, subconscious correction of the improper muscle patterns takes place.
Therapy generally lasts between 6 and 12 months, depending upon each individual program. Appointments with your therapist begin with weekly sessions and taper off to monthly as correct muscle movement patterns improve.
3 to 9 exercises each week, to be performed several times per day.
These exercises do not cause pain. Many of them are fun and even a little silly.
A major side effect of the therapy is improved appearance.
An incorrect resting position of the tongue and incorrect swallowing can lead to the following: